• LAWYER: A lawyer is a person who has a degree of LLB of a five-year course or three-year course from a college or university duly recognized by the BCI. He cannot represent the client in the court of justice or can do practice in the court. In short, law graduates can be called lawyers.
  • BARRISTER: A barrister is a person who has a degree in law from England. He cannot represent the client in the court of justice or can do practice in the court. In short, law graduates from England are called Barristers.
  • ADVOCATES: After completing the law degree, a student will appear in the examination of bar council of India for getting the license to practice in court. After clearing the examination he gets the enrollment in bar council of India and becomes advocate from lawyer. Advocates can be of three types:
  • Advocate
  • Senior advocate
  • Advocate on record
  • ADVOCATE GENERAL: The advocate general is also known as the first law officer of the state and appointed by the Governor of the respective state. He basically represents the State in matters before the court and if the state government needs any advice in a legal matter that is also provided by the advocate general. His tenure is of 3 years. He corresponds to that of Attorney General of India at the central-level. He is qualified to be appointed as a judge in High Court of the state.
  • ATTORNEY GENERAL: Attorney General is the first law officer of the country. He is abbreviated as AG.He is appointed by the President of India. All the matters of the central government before the court are represented by the attorney general. If the central government needs any advice in a legal matter that is also provided by the attorney general. His tenure is of 3 years. He is qualified to be appointed as a judge in the Supreme Court of India.
  • SOLICITOR GENERAL: He is the second law officer of the country. He basically assists the attorney general in his work. His tenure is of 3 years.
  • ADDITIONAL SOLICITOR GENERAL: He is the third law officer of the country. He is abbreviated as ASG. He assists the solicitor general in his work. His tenure is of 3 years.

GROUNDS FOR DISQUALIFICATION FOR ENROLMENT OF AN ADVOCATE

Section 24A of Advocates Act, 1961 lays down the grounds for disqualification for enrolment of an advocate

The various grounds for disqualification are as follows:-

1. A person should not be convicted of an offence which involves moral turpitude. Here, it is noteworthy that the term ‘Moral Turpitude’ is nowhere defined. It is ambiguous in nature.

2. A person should not be convicted of an offence under the provisions of the Untouchability (Offences) Act, 1955.

3. A person should not be dismissed or removed from employment or office under the State on any charge which involves moral turpitude. 

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