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CLAT 2025: Exam Pattern
Before jumping into the CLAT syllabus, here’s a general overview of the exam pattern:
Test Highlights Details
Test Conducting Body The Consortium of National Law Universities
Test Format MCQ style questions
Total Questions 120 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each
Marking Scheme +1 mark to be awarded for every correct answer; 0.25 marks will be deducted for an incorrect answer. 4 incorrect answers mean -1 mark.
Test Sections English Language
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
Legal Reasoning
Logical Reasoning
Quantitative Techniques

Candidates planning to take the CLAT 2025 exam should familiarize themselves with the curriculum before beginning their preparation. Read on to learn more about the CLAT 2025 curriculum, marking structure, important topics, and more.
*The only NLU that does not recognize CLAT scores is NLU Delhi. NLU Delhi administers the AILET admission exam. AILET information can be found at the conclusion of this article.
CLAT Exam Syllabus
To excel in CLAT, candidates must thoroughly study these five CLAT subjects outlined in the CLAT syllabus.

English Language
In the English Language portion of the CLAT 2025 syllabus, you will be given passages of around 450 words each. These passages will be drawn from contemporary or historically relevant fiction and non-fiction literature and will be of a quality that a 12th-standard pupil might read in roughly 5-7 minutes.
Each paragraph will be followed by a series of questions that will demand you to demonstrate your comprehension and linguistic skills, including your abilities to:
• Read and grasp the paragraph’s core message, as well as any arguments or opinions presented in the passage;
• Based on the reading, draw deductions and conclusions;
• Summarise the passage;
• Compare and contrast the various arguments or perspectives presented in the passage;
• Recognize the meaning of certain words and phrases in the context of the passage.

Current Affairs Including General Knowledge
In this section, you will be given passages of up to 450 words each. The excerpts will be drawn from news articles, journalistic sources, and other nonfiction works. The questions may incorporate an evaluation of legal material or knowledge addressed in or connected to the passage, but no more legal knowledge beyond the passage is required.
Each paragraph will be followed by a series of questions that will demand you to demonstrate your understanding of current events and general information, such as:

Category Topics
Politics Ancient, Medieval, Modern, and World History
Geography Economics (Outline of Indian Economy, Five Year Plans, National Income of India, Indian Tax Structure)

Science and technology Environment & Ecology
General Science National & International Burning topics
Books and Authors Environment
Industries Major Industries in India
Agriculture Awards and Achievements
• Contemporary events of relevance from India and the world;
• Arts and culture;
• International affairs;
• Historical events of enduring significance.

Legal Reasoning
Legal reasoning is one of the most important sections in the CLAT syllabus. This section will assess the candidate’s interest in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving abilities. The questions would be based on texts that pertain to events or scenarios involving legal issues. The 450-word passage would contain certain rules and principles that should be identified and accordingly applied to the questions.
Each passage will be followed by a series of questions in which you will be required to:
• Identify and deduce the passage’s rules and principles.
• Apply these rules and concepts to a variety of factual circumstances; and
• Understand how modifications to the rules or principles may affect how they are applied in different factual circumstances.

Logical Reasoning

The logical reasoning section’s goal is to assess the candidate’s critical thinking skills to find patterns and logical relationships, as well as to correct erroneous arguments. The questions are based on a 300-word text.
Each reading will be followed by one or more questions that will need you to:
• Recognize an argument, taking into account its premises and conclusions.
• Read the paragraph and identify the arguments presented.
• Analyse patterns of reasoning critically and examine how conclusions may depend on specific premises or evidence, and how conclusions may be strengthened or weakened as a result of a change in premises or supporting facts.
• Determine the passage’s implications and apply your conclusions to other contexts.
• Draw comparisons and links, discover contradictions and equivalents, and evaluate the efficiency of arguments.

Quantitative Techniques

The CLAT Quantitative Technique or Maths component of the CLAT syllabus will consist of a sequence of questions followed by a brief collection of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, visual, or diagrammatic representations of numerical information. The questions will be in the form of Data Interpretation, which requires applicants to deduce information from the supplied paragraph and respond accordingly. Out of all the CLAT subjects, quantitative techniques are one of the hardest.
Some of the important topics that students should focus on include: Number Systems, Percentage and Ratio, Algebra, Mensuration, Data Interpretation, Probability, Average, Speed Time and Distance, Ratio and Proportion, and Set Theory.

CLAT: Section-wise Question Distribution
The Consortium of NLUs has issued a notification on the section-wise distribution of questions. The section-wise allocation is given below.
Section Name No of Questions Weightage (%)
English Language 22-26 20%
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 28-32 25%
Legal Reasoning 28-32 25%
Logical Reasoning 22-26 20%
Quantitative Techniques 10-14 10%
Total 120 100%

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