In a landmark decision, the Supreme Court has quashed a 22-year-old criminal case against a District Savings Officer accused of abetting the suicide of a Scheduled Caste person. The case, which dates back to 2002, saw the accused-appellant facing charges under Section 306 IPC (abetment to suicide) and Section 3(2)(v) of the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989.


The accused, who was working as the District Savings Officer in Kannauj District, was alleged to have contributed to the suicide of his junior colleague, who was a member of the SC & ST community. The deceased left behind a suicide note, leading to the registration of a case under relevant sections of the law.

Legal Proceedings

The prosecution contended that the deceased had been subjected to harassment and humiliation based on his caste by the accused. However, upon reviewing the contents of the suicide note, the Supreme Court found that the deceased’s frustration stemmed from work pressure and various unrelated factors, rather than any deliberate actions by the accused.

Supreme Court Ruling

The Supreme Court held that the elements required to establish abetment to suicide were not present, as the deceased’s concerns were primarily related to work-related stress and other non-culpable factors. Additionally, the Court emphasized that for a case to proceed under Section 3(2)(v) of the SC & ST Act, the accused must have committed an offence under the IPC against the victim based on their caste. Since this was not established in the present case, the prosecution under the SC & ST Act was deemed illegal.


This decision sets a precedent for cases involving allegations of caste-based harassment and discrimination, underscoring the importance of clear evidence linking the accused’s actions to the victim’s caste identity. It also highlights the need for a thorough examination of the circumstances surrounding alleged offences before proceeding with criminal prosecutions.

Legal Analysis

The Supreme Court’s meticulous review of the evidence underscores the judiciary’s commitment to upholding the principles of justice and fairness. By dismissing the charges against the accused, the Court has reaffirmed the importance of establishing a direct causal link between the accused’s actions and the alleged offence.


In conclusion, the Supreme Court’s decision to quash the 22-year-old criminal case against the District Savings Officer represents a significant milestone in the legal landscape. By prioritizing a nuanced understanding of the facts and legal principles involved, the Court has upheld the integrity of the legal process while safeguarding individuals’ rights against unjust prosecution.

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